What is early child development and who needs it

What is the early development of the child and who needs it?

In modern, as in any other, society, there are certain models and stereotypes of upbringing and education, which are passed down from generation to generation, from great-grandmothers to grandmothers, from grandmothers to mothers.
Yes, these models change over time, we are no longer the same as our parents, but changes occur very slowly and gradually: we are talking about decades. Even now, many mothers swaddle their children, although more than half a century ago it was established that it harms the natural development of the child.

Questions related to the early development of the baby began to arise relatively recently. Ten years ago, "geeks" frightened adults (especially teachers), because genius is often associated in the minds of people with abnormality. In tsarist times, only children from aristocratic families received education. With them governess and teachers, starting with the diapers. Children of ordinary people had no opportunity to get an education. Even now, "schools for kids" are financially and geographically not accessible to everyone. Therefore, there is a tradition of home parental education, which is good news. Many modern mothers choose early development for their children. Books on this topic, methodical materials for parents began to appear. If you engage with the baby, it makes sense to do it consciously, taking into account both the age and individual characteristics of the child, not to break him, not to injure his psyche.

Intellect and its components

First, we define what we understand when we speak intelligence. There are several definitions of intelligence. Intellect is, first of all, education, the intellectual is an educated person. The first component of the intellect is knowledge of what is in the world, that is, education and erudition. But there is a second, equally important component of the intellect - the ability to create, the ability to create something new, and this is impossible without knowing what already exists. Without giving the child specific knowledge, we can talk about the development of spontaneity, but not creativity. So, the second component of the intellect is creative.

Decisive age

What does early intellectual development mean? When should I start: from birth or from 6 years old, when a child starts school? Early development is the “learning” of a child in infancy and preschool age. Science has found biological evidence that, in the early stages of development, the brain requires not only nutrition, but also stimulation. There are cases of children, "Mowgli", when babies children came to wild animals. Having returned to society at the age of 7-8 years, these children could not learn how to speak, read, write. Yes, do not think that small children can and should only eat, sleep and play. In fact, children begin to learn immediately after birth. By the age of 6-7, when they start attending school, they have already learned a huge amount of information.
Already more than a hundred years ago it was established that the age from birth to 6 years is decisive for the entire future development of a child. From the moment of conception, the development of the human brain, which gradually slows down. The effectiveness of learning and development is high when the brain grows and decreases when the growth of the brain stops. Most of the brain cells of the newborn are not involved, but in the first six months after birth, the brain already reaches 50% of its adult potential.By the age of three, the brain structures are formed, growth has been completed by 70-80%, and by the age of eight - it is almost completed. And that is why training in the first 3 years of life should be given particular attention.

Stereotypes and development of the baby

Why is the development of the brain of a child in the ordinary conditions of our life are not fully realized? This development is delayed by stereotypes of relationships with children in the most important life period for their development, outdated models of education. And if the child’s brain was not trained by the developmental activities during the first years of life, it will be more difficult for him to attain a high level of development, especially with existing methods of schooling. In general, an idyllic existence also weakens the spiritual and intellectual sphere, as absolute hygiene negatively affects the body. If you put the baby in a sterile environment - his immune system atrophies; if not allowed to move, muscles will not be formed; if a child does not hear human speech - he will not speak, if he does not hear musical sounds - it will be difficult for him to learn music.
But many parents say: "We want a normal child. Everything has its time, let it grow up like all other children"; "I was brought up like this, and I feel great, why shouldn't it be good enough for my child?" They are fenced off by the notion of "norms" in order to free themselves from responsibility, responsibility for their child. After all, it is easier not to train your child, not to spend energy on it
But the NORMAL child wants to develop.
Man always strives for knowledge. And what was good for parents raised a quarter of a century ago, and even more so for grandparents brought up more than half a century ago, may not be suitable for children born in the beginning of the XXI century. In our time, with each passing day, the requirements for a person are increasing. Educating future adults is necessary so that they can cope with the intensity of intellectual and emotional flows.
Parents with standard, stereotypical ideas about the capabilities of the child, believing in the "grandmother's" delusions and fairy tales, limit themselves and the development of their baby. It is impossible to artificially restrain the development of the child only becausethat you yourself consider it unnecessary! In this case, the parents solve the problem at the expense of the baby, cutting it under the most common or fashionable at the moment "comb", shifting the upbringing of children to "someone's" shoulders.
The human mind is limited to the information that enters it from the outside world through the organs of perception. With a limited ability of sensory perception by organs of sense, intellectual potential is equally limited. The better perceptual abilities are developed in a person, the greater is his potential for improvement. If a person completely loses his perceptual abilities, he will, at best, become a plant. For example, a child who hears only a few dozen phrases a day, even in different languages, can never develop as successfully as the one with whom they speak a lot of languages, tell fairy tales, sing songs, show pictures, and acquaint themselves with the world around.
Another objection that is often heard when it comes to early development: "You can not take away the childhood from a child." Interesting,Has anyone tried to do this? Who can sit a two-year-old at the desk, if he himself does not want this? And who would think to demand from an eight-month baby, for example, read something out loud or make a sound analysis of a word? In the first years of life, the child itself is intensively developing, striving for the new. He should not be forced to do anything so that by the age of three, for example, he began to read. Parents are only required to understand this and create appropriate conditions for the baby.

Creating a developing environment

The goal of parents is to give the child new opportunities in life.
Thus, this is not about forcibly teaching a child to read, count, etc., not about learning in the traditional sense of the word, which is based on violence against a child: he is taught, and not he is trained, resulting in stresses and neuroses , fears of children, feelings of guilt. It is about creating a developing environment for the baby, about its free, without hindrance, development, this process can still be called a stimulating upbringing or educational development.

Learning is a fun game.

In this case, children can not and "reboot",since they themselves control the load according to their own developmental rhythms: they do only what they are interested in, what brings them joy and pleasure. And the task of parents is to satisfy in the best way the curiosity of their children, to give them the tools to explore the world around. Early intellectual development cannot damage the physical formation and growth of a child, if everything that parents do for their development is done without violence, against the background of a positive perception of the child. It is not necessary to teach a child at that age - let him learn by himself. Parents only offer the child any lessons, because early learning is a game, and you need to finish it before the child gets tired. The question of the stresses and overloads of the child disappears, nature itself puts limits.
In addition, in this process there is no other mandatory link in traditional education, which often influences a person’s perception of himself and his confidence in his abilities - verification of what he has learned. Children (as well as adults) do not like being controlled. Believing in the talent of your baby, you shouldn’t check it and give him control.After all, parents do not have to report to anyone about how the training is going. And the child demonstrates his knowledge the same way when he himself wants it.

Early child development: who needs it and why

Perhaps this should be needed in the country in which the child was born and grows up. Our country needs intellectually developed people who are capable of creatively solving the complex tasks that modernity puts us. But, of course, it is necessary and parents. All parents want their children to achieve more in life than themselves. After all, many adults regret that they do not know how to play any musical instrument or do not know any languages ​​other than their own. There is always the temptation to make of their children a more successful version of themselves. But our children are not ourselves. And if we create for ourselves the image of an “ideal child”, then we are trying to fit our own with his interests, desires, and needs into this image we have created.
That is why the proposed methods of early child development can become quite dangerous in the hands of fanatical parents. The results can lead to the isolation of the child from his environment, disturbances in emotional and social development.Parents can, wishing the child well, to impose on him any activities, since the authority of parents in preschool children is very great. The reason for the stress of children and failures in classes is not an excess of information, but the behavior of the parents.
That is why you should not achieve efficiency at any cost. If you constantly think about what you need to do something with the child, then the relationship with him will become unhealthy. Moments of silence and relaxation, unreasonable laughter and games are necessary. In addition to the daily “lessons” proper, the child is shaped by the knowledge it receives in everyday life. We must remember, as Maria Montessori, an Italian teacher, a psychiatrist, said that the main thing is not in the textbooks that parents acquire or prepare for classes, not in teaching materials, but in the child and with what eyes they look at him . It is necessary to give children more opportunities for development and adaptation to life, but at the same time preserve the individuality of the child.
So, now it is clear that most of all the early intellectual development is necessary for the child himself - a developing personality.Not everything depends on the talent given by God or genetically pledged, but much on the environment created by the baby in the first years of life. Starting “activities” with a baby from birth, knowing what and how to do, parents can provide their child with ample opportunities, help him master the tools for learning about life for his own sake.

Parents are the best teachers for their children.

The development of the baby contributes to the enrichment of the cultural baggage of the parents themselves. Providing children with basic information on history, geography, history of art, parents themselves remember a lot of such things that they would never learn for themselves.
In addition, parents are the best teachers for their baby. The fact is that a small child looks at the world through the eyes of the adult who cares for him. Meeting in life with something unfamiliar, he first looks at the reaction of an adult. The parent explains to the baby what is happening, and the child is calm. A stranger, a guest teacher or teacher in a school for toddlers, will never be for a child the person from whom he is also able to receive information.
There is an emotional connection between parents and child. Better than the parents, no one can feel the child and understand what he needs. The most important thing for parents who want to create a developing environment for their child is to take into account the individuality of the child. After all, the development of each child has its own daily time frame, "pauses", determined by the conditions, the environment, the moon, etc. And a number of environmental parameters can be controlled. Therefore, the task of parents is to minimize the time required for the formation of various abilities of the child, without resorting to violent methods of pedagogy. If the baby has lost interest in those or other activities, does not receive pleasure from them and does not move forward, it is worth stopping these activities for several weeks or even months. Maybe he needs time to get the knowledge "settled."
Early education of a baby is a certain level of communication with a child, a level of mutual understanding. It is a joy to show him the world around him and open up new opportunities for him. It is also an opportunity to look at a baby not as an underdeveloped human being that needs to be dressed and fed, but as a person who is open to everything new.

Thus, it is possible to identify the basic principles of home teaching development:

· Parents are the best teachers for the baby;
· The task of the parents is to promote the natural development of the child;
· It is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the child: every child has the right to learn using a technique created only for him;
· For the harmonious development of the child’s personality and intelligence, it is necessary to stimulate, as far as possible, all five feelings of the baby; it is important that the development environment includes a variety of areas of knowledge;
· The developmental environment for the child must constantly undergo changes: from simple to complex; It is necessary to make every day a wonderful and unique baby.

And the last thing I would like to say: if the parent or child is not interested, it is better to stop classes. You can do it only if both the parent and the baby feel happy. If both the child and the parents enjoy it, then no matter how bad the parents do their job, the child will definitely benefit from it. The only indicator in teaching the smallest is the pleasure they have - the authors of all methods and representatives of all academics agree on this.

Elena Voznesensky,
Candidate of Psychology,
Senior Researcher, Institute of Social and Political Psychology, Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine.
More than 5 years advise parents with children up to two years, on child psychology and early childhood development.

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  • What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it

    What is early child development and who needs it