The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

That left behind and exciting 9 months of waiting, unforgettable childbirth and hectic early days at home.The patronage sister has already come to you with the baby, with whom you have clarified all the necessary questions, breastfeeding has been adjusted, and you have already been with a crumb in the clinic.

Your new life - next to the baby - has begun, and now is the time to engage in its development, for example, today I would like to talk about the development of speech in a child under one year old.

Many parents will be surprised and say what kind of baby can havespeechif when he is not sleeping, then he cries, and if he does not cry, then at best he makes some unintelligible sounds. But here they are,these strange soundswhich few parents pay serious attention to, and arefirst steps in shaping baby's speech, himcall for communication. The child may want to communicate with you with all his might, but are you ready? If yes, let's learn to understand each other.

Read also:Child's speech development: where to start?

How does the child's speech up to the year:

  • The first month:reacting to the sound, the child becomes more active, moves the arms and legs, turns his head to the source of the sound. If the baby is uncomfortable (I want to eat, it's time to change the diapers, lonely or something hurts) - he screams, attracting the attention of the mother and thus forming the first dialogue.
  • Second to third months:the beginning of the process of "walking". The kid, in response to a smile or a message, utters the vowels “wah”, “aaiii”, and then the consonant sounds “bbuu”, “gyy”, smiles. The intonation of the child's screams is changing, the attentive mother by this period is already able to distinguish their cause: discontent, cry from pain, the baby is bored or he is hungry.
  • Third to sixth months:the child continues to actively “roar” and gradually connects the individual sounds into fairly long combinations of “me-uuu-gyyaaaa”. During this period, the baby does not just make sounds, he is waiting for your reaction to them, trying to attract attention, to repeat, to see your smile. It is at this time that you have the most appreciative and interesting conversationalist!
  • Seventh-tenth month:the kid begins to actively imitate adults, to repeat the syllables “ba-ba-ba”, “ma-ma-ma”, “da-da-daa”.During this period, the child is already beginning to intonate: to express joy or indignation at the events taking place, an understanding of the meaning of speech is formed in the child (I say - they answer me, I ask - they give me). For the development of speech in this period, talk as much as possible with each other, sing funny songs, read small poems.
  • Eleventh - twelfth months:the child understands the speech addressed to him, can correctly answer a simple question (“show me where is Masha's nose?”), fulfill a small request (“Give mom, please, spoon”). The first words appear in the active speech of the baby.

Read also:Speech development of a child from 1 to 3 years

The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby - image №1

Read also:Child speech development: prevention of disorders

Yarosh Tatyana Alexandrovna, speech therapist:“The above diagram of the development of the speech of a child under 1 year is indicative. If your baby is ahead of her or is 1-2 months behind, do not worry, but remember that each baby is individual. The main thing that I would like to draw your attention to is that the development of the baby’s speech is a constant process, in which simple and elementary exercises and full communication can help. Developed speech is not a natural ability of a child, but a full-fledged work with the baby of his parents. ”

I would like to note that the lag in the development of the child’s speech leads to a delay in the development of his psyche, problems during training in kindergarten and in school.

Often, specialists have to work with children, whose parents, in constant communication with the child, preferred to turn on the television, inspire him with a new toy, while they themselves went about their business or sank to the Internet.

Of course, constant communication with the baby is a difficult job, but as a result you will get a talkative, sociable, open kid who will happily explore the world.

Of course, parents become the main teachers of the baby in the first year of life, and it is up to their desire to develop the ability of the baby to determine the ability of the baby to speak and speak correctly.

Read also:Star Moms Club: How to stimulate speech development

What can help us in developing a child's speech before the age of one?

The tips are quite simple:

Try to communicate with your child as much as possible.

When the baby is still quite small, feeding and bathing crumbs are an excellent opportunity to communicate. Speak all your actions (“Right now, mother will give Serezhenka a spoonful of such a delicious soup!”, “Is Annie ready to go swimming?”), Speak gently, calmly, but at the same time do not be afraid to use emotions.Is the crumb looking at you and smiling? Congratulations, you're doing everything right!

Begin the development of speech in a child with the development of auditory attention: tapping a certain number of beats, simple rhythmic patterns, repeating a series of sounds or syllables, recognizing sounds behind the screen

The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby - image №2
speech therapist
Kolenchuk
Natalia Nikolaevna

Is the kid looking at something attentively? Name the object that interested the crumbs, give him this object in the pens or bring the baby to him. Wonderful green flower in your living room, pet black fox terrier or fluffy red mother's blouse - everything is interesting for the baby! Call the objects surrounding the child, their colors and shapes, tell the crumbs what you are doing or what manipulations you make with him - there can not be useless information, the kid remembers and is interested in everything that is said to him.

Hearing the "gut" of the baby, respond to it, rejoice in its first sounds, smile, open your mouth with it and make various sounds, which over time the crumb will repeat.

Ask your child questions and answer them yourself (“Who will do the exercises today? Sasha will do the exercises!”), Talk to the child and next to him, telling him about what is happening around, watch thatso that your speech is correct.

The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby - image №3

Read also:The development of speech. Getting started - autonomous childish speech

Finger gymnastics

It's no secret thatthe better the fine motor of the child is developed, the faster is the development of his speech. Thus, we must not forget about the need to train small boys - this is how the crumbs develop speech.

From the first days of a baby’s life, don’t forget about massage of pens and fingers, let your child hold and feel various objects that differ in size and structure, because scientists have proved that the more different surfaces are touching a baby (soft, cold, rough, silky, warm), the more talkative he becomes, also develop the child's grasping reflexes.

An older child learn to shift the object from one pen to another, roll small pimply balls, make “ladies”, open and close boxes, sort through small objects, flipping through the dense pages of a book.

Ready to work with your baby? Then take in the arsenal of developing assistants finger paints and clay. Of course, all the creative impulses of the crumbs should occur under the supervision of the mother, and, more importantly, with her, because it is important not only what the child does, but how you comment on the process.

Excellent help in the development of children's fingers toys, on which the baby can practice buttoning and unbuttoning buttons, zippers, buttons, and tying shoelaces - this is aerobatics.

Read also: Games for speech development: how to talk a child

Toys - the first helpers.

The new stage of development of the baby - he draws attention to the toys, is interested in them, trying to get it. Play along with the baby, pronouncing your actions, telling what color the rattle is, how the mouse says, how tightly the baby holds the toy, whether it can easily reach it.

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The best friends of a child under one year old can be toys of animals, on which parents can, training their acting skills, show how a dog barks, a cow mooves, a bird sings, a pig grunts and a cat meows.

If there is an opportunity to show your child your favorite representatives of the animal world, who make sounds alive, it is great, but in this age of urbanization not everyone has the opportunity to talk personally with a cow, but to see a little dog, bird or cat in the street and show the baby solvable problem.

A great bonus for a talkative kid is a pet. If there is a dog or a cat in the house, be sure that with the imitation of the sounds that they make, the child will have no problems.

It is imitating the sounds of animals, cars, the sound of water or wind, with each passing day it will be easier for the baby to pronounce new sounds and small words.

On new toys, you can wonderfully study parts of the body, find the same eyes, mouth, nose in your child’s home, and collect the first pyramids and constructors, study colors and shapes, and find similar houses among surrounding objects.

When the baby is a little older, the time will come to offer him interactive talking toys that will encourage the child to repeat different words, small sentences and songs. Especially good in this issue heroes of favorite children's cartoons.

It is unlikely that the baby will play toys for a long time alone, only the newest ones are able to captivate him for a while. But a fun game with a developing toy and mommy will always be the most favorite activity of the child!

Read also: The development of speech in children under 3 years. What does your child say?

Music and songs.

Music and various songs are excellent assistants in the development of the baby's speech. If mother defiantly sings a cheerful song, then the baby will be happy to sing to her because of her abilities!

The words of the songs to the child may not yet be clear, but the baby will understand perfectly well the tone and overall high spirits. Do not forget about the lullabies, because they will help the crumbs to learn how to pronounce the sounds as soon as possible.

The performance of the songs will help to replenish the vocabulary of the child, introduce him to new concepts, learn to feel the rhyme and syllable, help in the development of memory, because remembering the lines from your favorite song is easier than ever.

Do not forget about special musical toys. And the child will be interested in very simple things - rolling the beans in a plastic bottle, the sound of buttons in a tin can, children's drum and maracas.

Does the music sound and the baby starts dancing and clapping? Great, you have a well-developed and active kid growing up. The best option for parents would be to join the sweet dance of the crumbs.

Read also:The musical development of the child: when and how to start?

Children's books.

Try to acquaint the child with the book as early as possible.At first it can be simple little rhymes and podeshki, and when the child grows up, he will surely like poems and fairy tales that every parent has known since childhood, because more than one generation was brought up on the works of Korney Chukovsky, Samuel Marshak and Agnes Barto.

And believe me, reading children's books is much more useful than viewing Smeshariki, the main thing is to find what is interesting for your kid.

The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby - image №5

Does the crumb want you to read him “Muhu-tsokotuha” again? Do not refuse, read with pleasure, with expression and intonation.

This is the learning mechanism:in order for a skill to become established, a large number of repetitions are needed, and the more complex the skill, the more time and the number of repetitions will be required.

It is important to read in the house really loved, and understood the importance of this process. The range of books for the development of baby speech is quite wide:

  • dubbed books that perform songs, just press a button,
  • books-panoramas that will help in the development of not only the speech, but also the imagination of the baby, illustrating the tiny plot,
  • books with finger puppets are just a treasure for parents, they will help the child not only to hear, but also to see the hero.

When you read well-known verses or sing songs, at the end of the line, pause for the child to finish it himself, thereby checking the memory of the crumbs and turning the reading into a fun game.

As you can see, the recipes for the development of speech in a child under one year are very simple. But there is one secret: it is necessary to do all this constantly, every day, with love and the belief that your little one is the best and smartest! Sure, then the child will never have any problems with speech.

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  • The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby

    The development of speech in children: the first words of the baby