Shrubs Green Fence

Shrubs Green Fence

A hedge is a fence made of planted shrubs and trees. If the fence is dense, high or needle, it very effectively protects the site from animals and intruders. It is also a good barrier to protect the house and the local area from air pollution, dust, noise, wind. In addition, a vibrant green fence is an attractive green landscape design element.

Live fence from the bush

The thick wall of the fence is chosen most often by people who value peace and solitude. The green fence limits the garden, protects it from prying eyes, uninvited guests and the wind. It is definitely better to live and relax in a green environment, rather than in a confined space of stone, steel or behind a wooden fence. The green barrier is applied not only at the border of the site, it can act as a structural element inside the garden, dividing its space. These green mini fences are an interesting aesthetic solution.What is better to do vertical gardening?

Shrub fencing (fence) or vertical gardening can include shrubs and trees and can be of two types:

  • growing loose (unformed);
  • from cut bushes (formed, decorated).

Regular pruning and crown formation allows the plants to produce more shoots, so the green hedge thickens. Deciding to cut the bushes, you should choose the right time as far as possible, so as not to deprive the plants of decorative flowers.

Preparing the soil for planting

When planting plants, it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil, since it is difficult to make changes after planting. Therefore, you should remove:

  • waste: rubble, unnecessary parts of foundations, other construction residues;
  • perennial weeds: wheat grass, bindweed, thistle, milk thistle, dandelion.

To remove weeds when the bushes are already planted, it is very difficult, therefore, it is necessary to carry out the soil treatment in advance. Weeds can be removed with the help of chemical agents (herbicides), which destroy them together with the underground perennial part. But the use of herbicides is possible only if you plan to plant the plants in a few months.If the period before planting is shorter, all work should be done manually, since the herbicides do not have time to decompose and begin to depress the plants.

When choosing plant species, one should also be guided by soil conditions.

  • Replacing the entire soil is necessary when it is very poor, saline.
  • If the soil is too heavy, clay, you should add a little sand.
  • Light sandy soil is enriched with deacidified peat or compost.
  • Fertile soil requires only deep digging in advance, which will allow plants to take root faster and deeper.

Which shrubs to choose?

Shrubs for hedges are a group of species and varieties of ornamental plants with the following characteristics:

  • fast growth;
  • give a lot of lateral shoots;
  • long keep green leaves;
  • have compact crown, beautiful, healthy foliage;
  • characterized by high resistance to diseases, pests;
  • frost-resistant;
  • have small soil requirements;
  • allow you to perform the formation, well tolerated pruning.

Properly selected species and varieties can successfully replace various types of fences.The distance between plantings depends on the type, variety and nature of the fence (loose or compact). If you want to get quick results, it is worth planting plants more closely.

When planning a planting and before buying shrubs for a planned hedge, you should first answer the following questions:

  1. How much time will be devoted to caring for the green fence?
  2. How long can the result be expected?
  3. How much money do you plan to spend on plants?

Having solved these issues, choose varieties and types of shrubs.

Fast-growing hedge bushes - names and descriptions

Privet primrose

Owners of the garden who want to have plants that require minimal maintenance, you can confidently choose the common privet. The advantages of privet:

  • not sick
  • grows in almost any conditions
  • can be freely formed,
  • growing quite thick
  • reliably thickens the fence,
  • beautiful flowering bushes - gives plenty of white flowers,
  • bears fruit.

Privet primrose

If privet gets bored, it can be replaced by other species.

Shrubs for shady places

In shady places, barberries and others sensitive to shading cannot be planted.similar plants, which, in the absence of light, develops slowly and are often affected by powdery mildew. Some varieties tolerate shaded areas, but require moist soil, such as yews.

Yew

Yew - an excellent plant that allows you to get beautiful forms of evergreen hedge - shrub, low curb, various interesting forms.

Yew

To get a satisfactory result, you need to follow a few important rules:

  1. the substrate must be mixed with peat or fertile soil in a width of at least 50 cm;
  2. sand is added to the substrate to improve the structure;
  3. in cases where there are problems with excess water, it is recommended to use drainage pipes;
  4. the distance between plants should not exceed 30-35 cm, that is, 3-5 plants are planted per 1 meter of hedge, when using large distances the bushes “merge” at a later date;
  5. increased care in the initial phase of growth,
  6. regular watering
  7. fertilizer, fertilizing.

Yew

Yew

Regular pruning of the yew in the future will provide a compact, dense form of the living fence. The yew reacts to pruning fast, lush growth. Yew pruned in the first year after landing a few centimeters on each side.Pruning should be systematic. Radical pruning leads to unsightly gaps in the live fence. To form the desired shape, yew should be cut at the turn of June-July.

High hedge plants

The following tall shrubs and trees for hedges are suitable for high green walls:

  • yew,
  • beech,
  • hornbeam,
  • juniper,
  • privet ordinary.

European beech

The tree grows up to 15-20 m tall. The natural form has a crown diameter of 10-15 m. The beech grows well in fertile, moist, non-acidic (neutral or alkaline) soil. It develops well in sunny places and shaded. The beech is cold-resistant, very sensitive to air pollution.

European beech

Additional decoration - yellow leaves of beech in autumn. After withering, the leaves often remain on the tree until spring, which can provide coverage in the winter. The plant can be formed.

European beech

Common Hornbeam

The hornbeam in its natural form is a very tall, stable tree, therefore the living hornbeam fence has the following qualities:

  • protects from wind;
  • regular pruning quickly thickens the hedge, creating a rather thick, durable wall.

Choosing saplings, it is worth choosing thick, grown plants, as hornbeam grows slowly. To plant hornbeam thickened from the ground itself, the plant must be cut regularly so that in places where there is no thickness, shoots, thickening. Branches can also be tied up.

Hornbeam endures almost any garden soil, sandy soil (but fertile). It grows well in slightly moist soil in the shade and in the sun. Leaves up to 8 cm long, turn yellow in autumn, then turn brown, often persisting on shoots until spring.

You can also combine yews and hornbeams in one hedge, creating a variegated picture in the fall.

Common Hornbeam

Juniper

Juniper is a fast-growing evergreen coniferous plant. Shrub unpretentious, ideal for light, sandy, infertile soil. It is better to plant a juniper in a sunny place. Most varieties of columnar juniper are suitable for live fences.

The fast-growing juniper is resistant to frost, great for creating durable thorny hedges, has protection - with thorny needles. There are many different varieties up to 3 m high and 1 m wide with spiny needles.Juniper is a good choice for a molded or unformed hedge.

Juniper

Low hedge shrubs

The following low shrubs form a low hedge:

  • Japanese wilderness;
  • shrubby spiny (five-leafed);
  • laurel cherry

In larger gardens, you can use more magnificent shrubs:

  • Pyracantha is bright red;
  • barberry.

Fast-growing shrubs - photos, pyracanthus and barberry

Green wall

A dense wall can create only bushes that grow densely at equal distances from each other. The lower the fence should be, the greater the need for plant density.

For example, for a fence of 1.5 m tall turquoise, 8 plants are needed, and for a fence of 50 cm height, up to 12-15 bushes.

Free-growing living fences of shrubs and trees of various sizes, planted not too thick, are in fashion. They perfectly erase the hard boundaries of the garden, naturally combine it with the environment.

Vertical gardening that does not require pruning

Thanks to plant varieties growing in a columnar manner, it is possible to form a narrow row of bushes without using a garden pruner. Ideal plants that do not require pruning:

  • thuja - it is worth choosing variations of golden or green color;
  • some varieties of beech and oak are characterized by stronger growth;
  • hornbeam;
  • Rowan.

Plant Care

Green hedge requires regular maintenance, these are operations such as:

  • weeding;
  • watering;
  • fertilization;
  • pruning.

The last procedure should be carried out on cloudy days to protect the cuts from sunburn. The first cut should be low (10-20 cm above the ground).

Pruning bushes

Shrubs with needle leaves should be cut off two or three times a year. The first time pruned all the stems to 1/3 of the length in early spring. At the turn of June - July, shoots are cut only for the current year, up to 10 cm long. A similar cut is made in autumn. When the desired size of the fence is reached, the bushes are cut so that the new branches are about 2 cm in length.

Leafy shrubs should be cut only when they are high enough. It is necessary to reduce only the young growth. Old branches can be cut only from yew.

The first pruning is carried out in the spring, before the growing season. The second pruning is done when new shoots grow and, if the need arises, again in August.

Fertilizer

Fertilizers and dressing should be used only when the plant starts to grow. Only in the second year, the bushes are particularly intensely in need of regular feeding. In the spring, you can create a 3-5 cm layer of compost. In addition, on weak soils, it is necessary from April to August to use multi-mineral fertilizers every 3-4 weeks.

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