> >Little known and shocking facts from the life of samurai
The Japanese samurai had an almost mythical reputation. The idea of warriors who masterfully katana and adhere to a noble code is incredibly romantic. In addition, it was supported by legends and movies. But in fact, many real facts about samurai are silent because it would destroy the romantic flair created by cinema and literature.
The samurai wore massive 2 meter “horo” capes that were stuffed with lightweight materials and soared around the samurai’s body with the slightest wind. Good were supposed to protect the samurai from the arrows. And horosho were the main symbol of the status of war. The enemy killed in the battle, who was wearing horo, was buried with honors.
In the XIII century, when the Mongols attacked Japan, the inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun first encountered an army equipped with heavy armor.Their swords at that moment could not withstand any criticism. Thin Japanese weapons stuck in Mongolian leather armor, and often simply broke in half. These thin samurai swords broke so often that they were forced to give up and start making larger and heavier swords in order to resist the Mongols.
In feudal Japan, it was believed that a man who spends the night with a woman is a sissy. Samurais believed that sex with women has a “feminizing” effect on the mind and body of a man. A samurai married if he needed it to continue the race, but he never allowed himself to be carried away by his wife. If a samurai was seen kissing his wife in public, his masculinity was in doubt. At the same time, homosexual relationships were perceived as something trivial.
When the boy studied the art of samurai, he often lived in a pair with a mature man. The elder boy taught the martial arts, etiquette, and the code of honor, and instead used him to satisfy his lust. This was called "sudo", which means "the path from a boy to a teenager."When the boy turned 13, he usually pledged allegiance to the teacher and lived with him for the next six years. This was considered perfectly normal. One Japanese poet wrote: "A young man without a senior guarantor-lover is like a young girl without a groom." This is really treated like a marriage.
Immediately and with a witness
If a samurai was addressed disrespectfully by someone from a lower class, then he could have killed that person on the spot. There were a few rules. The samurai should have done this immediately and with witnesses. Moreover, it was considered shameful not to do this.
Just right leg
The samurai began to paranoidly treat their bathroom after the incident with daimyo Uesugi Kenshin, who was killed in the toilet in the 16th century. The killer snuck into the toilet and hit Uesugi Kenshin with a spear, taking him by surprise with his pants down. After that, his rival Takeda Shingen was worried that someone could do something similar with him, and took action. Since then, all martial arts masters began to teach adepts to go to the toilet with their right leg fully lowered to ensure their freedom of action.Samurai bathrooms were designed to be protected from the assassins.
A legendary samurai named Sigenari Kimura fought his last battle in 1615, defending Osaka Castle. He boldly led his troops onto the battlefield, after carefully cutting off his hair and lighting his helmet with incense. Kimura knew that he would not survive and decided to "take care" of his future killer, leaving him a fragrant corpse. He knew that his head would be someone else's trophy and wanted her to smell good.
Dog in armor
Today, at least one set of samurai armor made to order for a dog has survived. No further details are known regarding how dog armor was used, but scientists believe that armor was probably not meant to fight, but rather, it was used during parades or was simply ordered by some collector. However, at one point in history, a samurai walked the streets of a Japanese city with a dog dressed in full military armor.
One of the strangest types of samurai weapons are shakuhachi bamboo flutes.Originally, these were just musical instruments that Buddhist monks played on. Over time, the flutes were transformed when a group of Buddhists by the name of komuso began to walk with baskets on their heads, playing the flute and preaching. The samurai realized that these people with baskets on their heads were simply the perfect disguise and began to pretend to be them. The samurai spies who were sent in to suppress the uprisings looked like monks in a komusô. At the same time, samurai flutes had spikes for using them as weapons of self-defense.
The samurai code actually did not exist until the 1600s, and before that the samurai constantly betrayed their masters. Even after that, the loyalty of the samurai existed only on paper, but not in real life. If the owner did not care about the samurai and did not adequately award the warrior who defended him, then the samurai, as a rule, used every chance to slaughter him and go to serve the one who pays more. When Western missionaries first arrived in Japan, they were shocked by how many treachery and murder were seen “in the back”.