Hematuria[haematuria; from the Greek blood and urine] - the presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine; pathological urinary syndrome. A large amount of blood makes the urine red or the color of meat slops.
When it is insignificant, the blood count (micro hematuria) urine color, as a rule, does not change. G. due to kidney disease, pathology of the urinary tract and extrarenal causes. Distinguish G. true and G. false, hereditary and congenital. G. may be short-term (urolithiasis, hemorrhagic diathesis of various nature, vascular damage of the kidneys), recurrent and prolonged (glomerulonephritis, kidney tuberculosis, etc.).
Depending on the location of the source of bleeding, either the first portion of urine (G. initial) or final (G. terminal) can be stained with blood. Perhaps the presence of blood in all portions of urine (G. total). Hematurich. the syndrome can be detected in infants, both young and older. G. is an element of "urinary syndrome" in various diseases that determine both the prognosis and its clinic. manifestations. Clarification of the causes of G.represents certain differential diagnostics. the difficulties. However, since G. is a formidable symptom, the most thorough clarification of its causes is required for establishing the diagnosis and the prescription of a pathogenetic. treatment.