Funnel chest

Funnel chest

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Funnel chest(pectus excavatum) is a malformation of the chest, characterized by a funnel-shaped retraction of its front wall.

The basis of the pathology is dysplasia of the cartilages of the costal cartilages, accompanied by their excessive growth. Distinguish symmetric, asymmetric and flat-crowned forms of G. in. 1-3 degrees, depending on the depth of the funnel. When G. c. 2nd and 3rd degree in addition to cosmetich. the defect impairs the function of respiration and blood circulation, the heart is shifted to the left. Surgeon treatment is shown at G. century. 2nd and 3rd degree.

The operation consists of segmental excision of cartilage IV-VI of the ribs and the costal arch at the edge of the sternum and the corners of the ribs, the transverse intersection of the sternum from the posterior plate without crossing the anterior periosteum of the anterior plate. Other variants of sternohone-drop plastics are possible, including the addition of the indicated stages of the operation by cutting the lower third of the sternum along the longitudinal axis.

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    Funnel chest