Cytomegalovirus

Cytomegalovirus

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Cytomegalovirusor CMV infection - a special virus from the herpesvirus family, which includes the DNA macromolecule. Cytomegalovirus affects almost all organs, tissues and mucous membranes of humans.

In the patient's body, cytomegalovirus causes various changes, the complexity of which depends on the state of the immune system.

Causes of Cytomegalovirus Infection

Cytomegalovirus is one of the most common viruses among humans (by the age of 40 years, antibodies of the virus can be detected in more than 50% of the population of our planet) and can be infected everywhere.

Infection occurs:

  • through saliva, feces, urine, breast milk, semen or through vaginal secretions;
  • in close contact with a patient or carrier of the virus;
  • during pregnancy from mother to child;
  • during blood transfusions;
  • during organ transplantation.

A person infected with cytomegalovirus for the rest of his life is a carrier of infection.

Symptomscytomegalovirus

Symptoms of cytomegalovirus in the body depend primarily on the state of the immune system.

If everything is fine with immunity, then there are 2 scenarios for the development of symptoms of the disease:

1. the virus will stay in a state of rest;

2. The cytomegalovirus will manifest itself in the form of a mononucleosis-like syndrome:

  • incubation period from 20 to 60 days;
  • disease duration from 2 to 7 weeks;
  • weakness and pain in the muscles;
  • constant drowsiness;
  • fever;
  • swollen lymph nodes.

If the carrier has lowered immunity (after various diseases), the cytomegalovirus can cause serious changes in the patient’s body, causing inflammatory processes:

  • in the kidneys and adrenal glands;
  • in the pancreas;
  • in the spleen;
  • in the liver;
  • in the lungs;
  • in the retina;
  • other human organs.

Diagnosis of cytomegalovirus

  • light microscopy (cytology);
  • polymerase chain reaction - determination of cytomegalovirus DNA;
  • cytomegalovirus secretion in the cell structure;
  • ELISA or enzyme immunoassay - detection of antibodies to the virus in the blood;

Treatmentcytomegalovirus

Treatment does not require mononucleosis-like syndrome and carriage of the virus in people with normal immunity.

For the treatment of all other forms of the disease used

  • antiviral drugs (ganciclovir, foxarnet, valganciclovir);
  • immunotherapy (polyoxidonium, cycloferon);
  • anticytomegalovirus immunoglobulin.
Cytomegalovirus images, pictures

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