The times of the Cold War have become a difficult test for the USSR. But at the same time, the growing tension of international relations with America allowed the Soviet Union to make a giant industrial leap: the development of technologies was in full swing, which, in turn, required material support.
Monumental buildings of that time still stand tall dead giants throughout the former Soviet Union. Secret underground bases, hundred-meter antennas, even their own Hadron Collider — these monuments of an obsolete era can in fact hit anyone.
Perhaps one of the most amazing monuments of a bygone era. A settlement on stilts "Oil Rocks" was built in the east of Azerbaijan in 1949. This is a completely autonomous settlement with all the necessary infrastructure for people. Now, of course, there is no oil production here, but about 2,000 people continue to call “Oil Rocks” their home.
Engineers of the Soviet Union developed the station according to the drawings of the American project HAARP, located in Alaska. Only our complex was distinguished by a truly Russian span - the diameter of one parabolic antenna was as much as 25 meters. However, the station suffered a sad fate. In the mid-1980s, with the beginning of perestroika, glasnost and general democratization, the study of the ionosphere went into the background. After the collapse of the USSR, the station territorially moved to a new state, Ukraine. While they figured out what was happening, most of the equipment was taken away by local residents just for precious metals.
You hardly know that the Soviet Union tried to build its own hadron collider before it became fashionable. In 1983, the construction of the Proton Research Institute in Protvino was already nearing completion: at a depth of 60 meters even the main ring of the Soviet collider was laid, whose length exceeded 21 kilometers. Unfortunately, the dawn of perestroika took the Soviet Union by surprise, and in the confusion that ensued, the government was not up to some kind of physics.
During Soviet times, this place was designated on secret maps only as “object 825 GTS”. It was here, not far from Balaklava, the base of submarines was located.The facility was built in 1961, as part of a program to strengthen the country's anti-nuclear defense. It was possible to get inside only through the tunnel or from the northern part of Mount Tavros, both of which had a thorough disguise and were waterproof. The territory of the base occupied as much as 5,100 square meters: its own hospital, its own bakery, and even its own sports center. In the event of an attack on a potential enemy’s country, the entire population of Balaklava would easily be accommodated on the base, and there would be enough supplies for three whole years.
In 1985, the monumental over-the-horizon radar station Duga was built. This facility was required to detect possible launches of intercontinental ballistic missiles. Antennas rise up to 150 meters, and the entire area of the complex is as much as 160 kilometers. After the Chernobyl accident, the station had to quit. Today, the object called "Chernobyl-2" remains only a lure for courageous tourists.
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