95 years ago on November 4, 1922 the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamen in Egypt was discovered. The tomb is located in the Valley of the Kings, and this is the only one that was almost not plundered, which reached scientists in its original form, although it was opened twice by tomb thieves. It was discovered in 1922 by two Englishmen - Egyptologist Howard Carter and amateur archaeologist Lord Carnarvon. In the tomb numerous ornaments were preserved, as well as a sarcophagus of pure gold with the mummified body of Pharaoh.
In 1907, Egyptologist and archeologist Howard Carter was hired by George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, to observe the excavations in the Egyptian Valley of the Kings. The scientist was able to create a good reputation for himself, carefully describing and preserving the discoveries.
Searches in the valley, which lasted for many years, gave very modest results, which over time incited the wrath of the employer on Carter. In 1922, Lord Carnarvon told him that from next year he would stop funding work.
1923 Lord Carnarvon, who financed the excavations,reading on the veranda of Carter’s house near the Valley of the Kings.
Carter, desperate for a breakthrough, decided to return to the previously abandoned excavation site. On November 4, 1922, his team discovered a step carved into a rock. By the end of the next day, an entire staircase had been cleared. Carter immediately sent a message to Carnarvon, begging him to come as soon as possible.
On November 26, Carter and Carnarvon opened a small hole in the corner of the door at the end of the stairs. Holding a candle, he looked inside.
“At first I didn’t see anything, the hot air burst from the room, causing the candle flame to flicker, but soon, as soon as my eyes got used to the light, room details slowly appeared out of the fog, strange animals, statues and gold — gold glitter everywhere” ( Howard Carter).
A team of archaeologists discovered the tomb of Tutankhamen, a young tsar who ruled Egypt from 1332 to about 1323 BC.
November 1925 Death mask of Tutankhamen.
Despite the traces of the fact that the ancient robbers visited the tomb twice, the contents of the room remained virtually untouched. The tomb was crammed with thousands of priceless artifacts, including the sarcophagus with the mummified remains of Tutankhamun.
January 4, 1924. Howard Carter, Arthur Callender and the Egyptian worker open the door to see Tutankhamun’s sarcophagus for the first time.
Each object in the tomb was carefully described and cataloged prior to removal. This process took almost eight years.
December 1922. Ceremonial bed in the shape of a Heavenly cow surrounded by supplies and other objects in the front room of the tomb.
These photographs, which documented the opening of the legendary Tomb of Tutankhamen, were colored by Dynamichrome for The Discovery of King Tut, which will open in New York on November 21, 2015.
December 1922. Gilded lion bed and other objects in the hallway. The wall of the funeral peace is guarded by the black statues of Ka.
1923 A set of canoes in the treasure of the tomb.
December 1922. A gold-plated lion couch and inlaid chest clothes are among other objects in the front room.
December 1922. Under the lion bed in the front room are several boxes and chests, as well as an ebony and ivory chair that Tutankhamun used in childhood.
1923 The gilded bust of the Heavenly Cow Mehurt and the chests were in the treasury of the tomb.
1923 Chests inside the treasury.
December 1922.Decorative alabaster vases in the front room.
January 1924 In the “laboratory” created in the tomb of Seti II, restorers Arthur Mace and Alfred Lucas clean one of the Ka statues from the front room.
November 29, 1923. Howard Carter, Arthur Callender and an Egyptian worker wrap one of the Ka statues for transportation.
December 1923 Arthur Mace and Alfred Lucas work with the golden chariot from Tutankhamun’s tomb outside the “lab” in the tomb of Seti II.
1923 Statue of Anubis on the grave stretcher.
December 2, 1923. Carter, Callender and two workers remove the partition between the front room and the funeral peace.
December 1923 Inside the outer ark, in the funeral room, there is another ark, which is wrapped in a huge linen cover with golden rosettes, resembling a night sky.
December 30, 1923. Carter, Mace and the Egyptian worker carefully fold the linen cover.
December 1923 Carter, Callender and two Egyptian workers dismantle one of the golden arks in the funeral chambers.
October 1925 Carter studies Tutankhamen sarcophagus.
October 1925 Carter and the worker are exploring the pure gold sarcophagus.
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